Effect of Experiential Learning Method on Academic Achievement of Junior Secondary School Students in Business Studies in Anambra State
The study investigated the effect of the Experiential Learning Method on the academic achievement of junior secondary school students in Business Studies in Anambra State. The study was carried out due to poor academic achievement of junior secondary school students in Business Studies as revealed by Anambra State Examination Development Centre (EDC), Awka, (2010-2015). The study was carried out in the Awka education zone. One research question guided the study and one null hypothesis was tested at a 0.05 level of significance. The population of the study was 606 and a sample size of 51 junior secondary school students III was selected using a purposive sampling technique. The study employed a Quasi-experimental design of a pre-test, post-test non-randomized control group. The instrument for data collection was Business Studies Achievement Test (BSAT). The instrument was face and content validated by three experts. A reliability coefficient of 0.918 was obtained using Kuder Richardson formula 20. Data is related to the research question was answered using mean and standard deviation while analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was utilized to test the hypotheses at a 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that there was no significant difference between the academic achievement of the students taught with the experiential learning method and that of the control group taught with the lecture method. This implies that the poor academic achievement of students in business studies may not be a result of the lecture method used. Other factors among others unfavorable school environment and teachers’ competence could contribute to poor academic achievement. Based on these findings, and the other intervening factors arising therefrom, it was recommended that experiential learning methods and lecture methods should be properly planned and competent instructors deployed in teaching Business Studies and other vocational subjects with a view to improving students' understanding and achievement in the subjects.
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