AGRO-PRODUCTION SOIL QUALITY INDEX ASSESSMENT FOR FIELDS WITH BIOLOGY INDICATOR IN SHEKI-ZAGATALA REGION, AZERBAIJAN
The increased need for rice in the widespread use of rice fields in the Sheki Zagatala region, the management of rice fields, can reduce soil quality. Good governance can improve soil quality, has several management methods, such as organic, semi-organic and conventional tobacco field management, which really affect soil quality. Soil quality assessment is measured by physical, chemical and biological indicators, where each factor has a different effect. Basically, chemical indicators are often used as the main indicators for determining soil quality, while each parameter has the opportunity to be the main indicator. So, biological indicators have the ability to reproduce indicators. The main indicators are obtained from the correlation test (p-values ≤0.05 - <0.01) and analysis of the main components with a high value, eigenvalues> 1 have the potential to be used as minimal data sets. As a result, biological can be used as a minimal data set, such as microbial carbon biomass, respiration, and common bacterial colonies. The Soil Quality Index (SQI) of various tobacco management practices shows very low or low soil quality values. Management of organic systems practices shows a better Soil Quality Index with a score of 0.20 compared to other departments. Organic tobacco management practice shows that this can improve soil quality.
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