GPH-International Journal of Applied Science 2023-10-23T10:46:26+00:00 Dr. EKEKE, JOHN NDUBUEZE Open Journal Systems <p><strong>GPH-Int. Journal of Applied Science e-ISSN&nbsp;&nbsp;2805-4364 p-ISSN 2805-4356 is an international, peer-reviewed, open-access journal that welcomes high-quality research articles in all aspects of Applied Science research. Subject areas include, but are not limited to the following fields: Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Pharmacy, Zoology, Health Sciences, Agriculture and Forestry, Environmental Sciences, Business, Mathematics, Statistics, Animal Science, Bio-Technology, Medical Sciences, Geology, Social Sciences, Natural sciences, Political Science, Urban Development, Information Technology, e-Learning, e-Commerce, Architecture, Earth Science, Archaeological Science, A deal with engineering fundamentals.<span style="font-size: medium;"><a title="Journal Impact Factor" href=""><span style="color: #222222;"><span style="font-family: 'Book Antiqua', serif;"><span style="helvetica: Arial, serif;"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><span style="text-shadow: #FF0000 0px 0px 2px;">Impact Factor: 1.245</span></span></span></span></span></span></a></span></strong></p> SOIL EROSION ESTIMATION USING REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES IN THESHIRVAN PLAIN OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN 2023-10-23T09:49:08+00:00 Prof.Dr.Z.H. Aliyev Ziyadov Dr.S.Kh. Shyukurov <p>Soil erosion is one of the major environmental problems in terms of soil degradation in the Shirvan plain of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Soil erosion leads to significant on- and off-site impacts such as significant decrease in the productive capacity of the land and sedimentation. The key aspects influencing the quantity of soil erosion mainly rely on the vegetation cover, topography, soil type, and climate. This research studies the quantification of soil erosion under different levels of data availability in the Shirvan plain. Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) techniques have been implemented for the assessment of the data, applying the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) for the calculation of the risk of erosion.Thirty soil samples were randomly selected for the calculation of the erodibility factor, based on calculating the</p> 2023-10-23T09:49:08+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE APPLICATION OF COMPREHENSIVE MEASURES TO COMBAT EROSION USING IRRIGATION IN A MARKET ECONOMY IN AZERBAIJAN 2023-10-23T10:25:05+00:00 Prof.RAE. Z.H. Aliyev Jafarov <p><em>Studies in the article have shown that productivity increases with improved structure. This is explained by the fact that in soils with 0.25 mm diameter water-resistant aggregates of 14%, grain yield is 22.2 cents / ha, while water-resistant aggregates are 8%. In soils, this figure decreased to 18.4 cents / ha (3.8 cents / ha). It is also known that alfalfa plays a key role in improving the water-physical properties of the soil, as well as its agrochemical composition. The author's research shows that the amount of water-resistant aggregates under the clover is much higher than in the cotton fields. This can be clearly seen from the following comparison. Thus, the amount of water-resistant aggregates in 0-10 cm of soil in the cotton field is 4.0-18.5; While 0.5 cm is 6.5-11.2 and 20-30 cm is 4.5-18.2, in clover crops this indicator is 35.0; Increased to 24.7 and 27.0. In addition, it revealed the accumulation of more organic and mineral substances under alfalfa cultivation. They proved this by the analysis of soil samples taken from the one-year and two-year plots. It was found that 1.66% humus and 0.112% total nitrogen were accumulated in the topsoil of the annual alfalfa field, while the amount of humus accumulated in the topsoil in the biennial clover field was 1.70% and the total nitrogen content was 0.150%. It should be noted. that the development of irrigation erosion in irrigated arable lands depends on the fact that the surface of the area is covered with a large cover. This was clearly shown by the observations. It was found that both relatively weak (0.4 mm / min) and very (1.4 mm / min) heavy rains protect clover soil from further washing. Thus, 0.4 mm / min. In heavy rains, the depth of the furrow under alfalfa is 14.4 mm, 31 mm at 1.4 mm / min, 50.9 and 64.2 mm between rows of cotton, respectively, and 78.6 and 113 mm along the row. 6 mm.</em></p> 2023-10-23T10:25:05+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PREREQUISITES FOR SOLVING THE ISSUES OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOIL EROSION OF SLOPE LANDS IN AZERBAIJAN 2023-10-23T10:46:26+00:00 Prof. Academician. B.H. Aliyev Prof.RAE Z.H Aliyev <p>The article examines the issues of the possibility of studying the areas of development by soil erosion and its control. The study proved that the development of soil erosion is based on the forming impact of natural and anthropogenic factors. The degree of potential danger and the possibility of prevention, taking into account the preservation of the environmental situation in the foothills of the Upper Shirvan in the example of the Shamakhi district of the Republic of Azerbaijan, were studied. The main tasks of the study were determination of the amount and degree of development of eroded and erosion-prone soils of the foothill zones, carried out on the basis of soil erosion surveys of the farms of the republic.</p> 2023-10-23T10:46:26+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##