Economic feasibility of establishing a farm to raise commercial shrimp in Basrah - southern Iraq
For the first time in Iraq, an economic feasibility study is being conducted for establishing a shrimp farm in Basra - southern Iraq. The expected results were according to the situation in terms of prices and costs. Through a culture density of 80 larvae / m² with a survival rate of 50%, the productivity of one acre was evaluated with no more than 1000 kg of shrimp / 0.25 hectare, and the amount of feed consumed was one ton during the annual crop (six months, i.e. from April to October), and the marketing value of each acre was not Less than 8 million Iraqi dinars (32 million hectares of production), considering the price of one kilo of shrimp is 8 thousand dinars, and the weight of one shrimp reaches 10 grams during. After calculating the costs of establishing the farm (one hectare) for the first year, 20 million, while in the second year it needed only 10 million. The sole dependence on the catch of shrimp to meet the juvenile provision of Metapenaeusaffinis and Penaeussemisulcatus juvenile shrimp, and perhaps freshwater shrimp can benefit from Macrobrachiumnipponense found in marine and river waters.
Al-Maliky, T. H. Y. (2013). Evidence and characteristics of common shrimp species in the waters of southern Iraq. Iraq, University of Basra, Marine Sciences Center. Deposit No. 756 House of Books and Documents in Baghdad. 192 p.
Al-Maliky, T. H. Y. (2015). Study of some biological and ecological aspects of oriental shrimpMacrobrachiumnipponense (De Haan, 1849) and its breeding and propagation methods in Basra, Iraq. University of Basra, College of Agriculture, Department of Fish and Marine Resources, Master's Thesis. 158 p.
Al-Maliky, T. H. Y. (2016).Study of sensory properties and netting ratio of eastern shrimp Macrobrachiumnipponense (De Haan, 1849) caught from Al-Mashab port near Hamar-Hawri in Basrah. Basrah Research Journal: Operations. 42(2): 88-96.
Al-Ghunaim, A. Y. (2006). Managing renewable natural resources in Kuwait: managing the exploitation of shrimp fishing. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Depart. of Marine Agriculture and Fisheries, Edition. 1: 115 p.
Ajana, A. M. (1996). Survey of coastal and brackish water shellfish fisheries of AkwaIbom State. A Refils Report for NARP. 23-32.
Ali, M.H. (1997). Commercial shrimp fishing in Iraq. Iraqi Marine Fisheries, Marine Science Center Publications, (22), 159 p.
Bardach, A. E.,Ryther, T. H. and McLamey, W. O. (1976). The farming and Husbandry of Freshwater and Marine Organisms. A Wiley-Interscience Publ. John Wiley and Sons., 588-618.
BFAR/FAO/UNDP PHI/75/005 (1981). Manuals on Brackish Water Aquaculture Development and Training Development. 238 pp.
Chemonics Intern. Inc. (2002). Subsector Assessment of the Nigerian Shrimp and Prawn Industry. Prepared for: The United States Agency for Intern. Dev. (USAID) Nigeria. RAISE: IQC, Contr. No. PCE- 1-00-99-00003-00 Agile. 0ev. Asst. in Nig. T. 0. 812.
Deekae, S. N. and Ayinla, O. A. (1995). Studies on the culture of the Southern pink shrimp P. notialis in brackish water ponds in the Niger Delta. NIOMR Tech. Paper. 101: 1-10.
Enin U. I. (1998). The Macrobrachium fishery of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria. Arch. Fish. Mar. Res., 46(3). 263-272.
FAO (1999). Aquaculture production Statistics. FAO Fisheries Circular. 815. Rev. 11 FAO Rome.
FAO (2002). Panning freshwater prawns. A manual for the culture of the giant river prawn (Macrobrachiumrosenbergii). FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 428.
FAO (1981). FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Department of Fisheries and Oceanic, Canada. Fishing Areas. 34, 47 (in part) (F. C. Atlantic). 13pp.
Hart, A. I., Ansa, F. J. and Sekibo, I. (2003). Sex ratio, sexual dimorphism and fecundity in pond reared Niger river prawn, Macrobrachiumfelicinurn (Ilolthuis, 1949). The Zoologist. 2(l): 56-61.
JIRCAS, (2002). Improved technology for freshwater prawn seed production. Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences. FFTC Publication L) atahasc. http/www.ffIc.agnet.org. Assessed on l1th August 2007.
Mathews, C. P., Bishop, J. M., and Salman, S. D. (1987). Stock of Metapenaeusaffinis in Kuwait and Iraq water. Final report. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research and Marine Science Centre, University of Basrah. 55 p.
Minsalam, C. L. andChiu, Y. N. (1986). Effects of tea seed cake on selective elimination of fin fish in shrimp pond. CRSP itsich report l Asian fisheries fonim. Asian fisheries Society, Manila Philippines.127 p.
MSU (2007). Improved technology for freshwater prawn seed production: The green water system. Mississippi State University. FFTC Publication database http/www.fflc.agnet.org.
New, M. B. and Rabanal, II. R. (l985). A review of the Status of penaeid shrimp aquaculture in South East Asia 2’ Austrialia National Prawn Seminar 307-325.
New, M.B. (1987). Feed and feeding of fish and shrimp: A manual on the preparation and presentation of compound feeds for shrimp and fish in aquaculture. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO- 275 p.
Ogbonna, J. C. (2001). Reducing the impact of tropical shrimp trawling fisheries on living marine resources through the adoption of environmentally friendly techniques and practices in Nigeria. FAO/UN fisheries circular No. 974.
Rahman, M. 2001. The impact of shrimp trawling fisheries on living marine resources of Bangladesh. FAO Fisheries Circular No. 974.
Salman, S. D., Ali, M. H. and Al-Adhub, A. H. Y. (1990). Abundance and seasonal migration of the penaeid shrimp Metapenaeusaffinis
(H. Milne–Edwards) within Iraqi waters . Hydrobiologia,196: 79 –90.
Teichert-Coddington, D. (1989). Effects of protein and sowing density on the production of Penaeusvanname: in land tanks. RevistaLanoamericana de Acuiultura, 35: 29-33.
Teichert-Coddington, D. R. and Rodriguez, R. (1995). Semi-intensive grow out of Penaeusvanname; fed diets containing differing levels of crude protein during wet and dry seasons in Honduras. Journal of World Aquaculture Society. 26: 72-79.
Verghese, P. U. (1978). Ecology of l3 brackish water prawn and fish farming. In “Training in brackish water prawn and fish farming” Dec. 26 1977 - March 5, 1978. Kakdwip Research Centre, West I3ensel, India.
Vibhasiri, A. (1988). An assessment of Jinga shrimp, Metapenaeusaffinis (Penaeidae), in Ban Don Bay, Gulf of Thailand . FAO, Fish. Rep., 389: 101-116.
Yakubu, A. S. andOnunkwo, D. N. (2006). A Review of Methods of culturing Penaeid Shrimp. - In Proc. 20th ann. Conf. Fish. Soc. Nigeria. Port-Harcourt, 14 - 18. November 2005. FISON, Lagos, 85 – 94.
Copyright (c) 2022 GPH (IJAS) - International Journal of Applied Science
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Author(s) and co-author(s) jointly and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published elsewhere. Author(s) agree to the terms that the GPH Journal will have the full right to remove the published article on any misconduct found in the published article.