The Effect of technology transfer on farmers’ crop productivity and returns in Bargei village of Central Darfur state-Sudan

  • Dr. Elkhalil Elnour Breima Ahmed Ph.D
  • Ali Ahmed Dawoud
Keywords: Technology, Yield, Partial crop budget, Dominance analysis, marginal, Sensitivity analysis


The process by which new inventions practiced in those institutions ‘or labs and tested to become a technology. This study was an attempt to know the effect of new introduced innovations on farmers ‘crop productivity and returns in Zalingei locality during 2019/2020 cropping season. Demonstration farms conducted in an area of 2 feddan. Improved seeds of Millet, Dura, Groundnut, sesame and cowpea grown versus local in an area of 900 square meters each. Sowing date, sowing methods, Seed priming versus none primed, Lands prepared with chisel plough against the slope of water run, thinning to 2 plant/hole, weeding practiced 2-3 times, isolation, rouging, harvest and post harvest technologies learned by farmers. Partial crop budget run for costs benefit analysis. The study used clustered random sampling technique. Partial crop budget results showed that all enters gave positive net returns except sesame promio, seame local, cowpea Elmadih and cowpea local. It was noted that improved sorghum seed priming yield increased over local by 151%, net returns of improved sorghum increased versus local by 43% and straw value of improved sorghum versus local exceed by 18%. Results also indicated that seed priming of improved millet ashana yield exceed local by 54%, ashana net returns increased local by 210% and improved straw exceed local straw by 28%. Results also revealed that the treated and primed yields, net returns and straw return of improved groundnut exceed local by 25%, 13% and 14%, respectively. Dominance analysis results showed that sorghum local, millet local and millet ashana were dominated and eliminated due to higher costs and lower net returns. Marginal analysis indicated that sorghum tabat and groundnut gibaish had MRR of 872% and 31%, respectively. This result entails that for every 1 SDG invested in improved seeds cultivation farmer can returns the 1 SDG and obtain additional SDG 8.72 and 0.31, respectively. Sensitivity analysis for cost overrun by 10% showed that groundnut Gibaish was not sensitive to risk and uncertinity with MRR 26%, while analysis of benefit shortfall by 10% explored that groundnut Gibaish also had MRR of 26%. We recommended more developing and dissemination of improved technologies to enhance crop yield and farmers income.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Dr. Elkhalil Elnour Breima Ahmed, Ph.D

University of Kordofan, Faculty of Natural resources and Environmental studies, Department of Agricultural economics and rural development, Elobeid, Sudan

Ali Ahmed Dawoud

Food and Agricultural Organization, Zalingei field office, Central Darfur state-Sudan


Ahmed, E.E.B., Maruod, M.E., Elkhidir, E.E. and Mahmoud, T.E.(2013). Impact of Improved Seeds
on Small Farmers’ Productivity, Income and Livelihood in Bara Locality of
North Kordofan State, Sudan. Agricultural Research Corporation Elobeid research Station-
Sudan press. American International Journal of Contemporary Research Vol. 3 No. 11
Breima, E.E. (2015). Impact of climate change on crop production: Case of Nertiti and Garcilla localities,
Agricultural economics, Zalingei agricultural research station, Central Darfur State, Sudan,
annual report
Evans, E.E.(2005). Marginal Analysis: An Economic Procedure for Selecting Alternative
Technologies/Practices. IFAS EXTENSION. University of Florida.
He, W. Yang, J., drury, C. and Yang, X. (2016). Sensitivity analysis of crop yields, soil water contents
and nitrogen leaching to precipitation, management practices and soil hydraulic properties in
semiarid and humid regions. Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences press.
Osman, A.K., Elhaj, F.M., Mekki, M.A., Abdalla, E.A. and Aune, J.B.(2012). EFFECT OF SEED PRIMING AND
University of Life Sciences press. Ecofarm Research Project- Kordofan Region- Sudan. DCG
Report No. 71, P1.
Scott, F.(2002). Dominance Analysis of Crop Rotation Trials Fiona Scott Tamworth Centre for Crop
Improvement, NSW Agriculture, RMB 944, Tamworth, NSW 2340.
Soha, M.El.(2014). The partial budget analysis for sorghum farm in Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. Annals of
agricultural science, Faculty of agriculture, Ain Shams University. Agric. Economic Dep.
Socioeconomic Studies Division, Desert Research Center, Egypt.Original article.
Wadsworth, J. and Carlisle, B.(cited 2020). TECHNOLOGY AND ITS CONTRIBUTION TO PRO-
POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT. Central Research Department, DFID, and
the UK Food Group for their additional contributions and comments.
How to Cite
Ahmed, D. E. E., & Dawoud, A. (2020). The Effect of technology transfer on farmers’ crop productivity and returns in Bargei village of Central Darfur state-Sudan. GPH-International Journal of Agriculture and Research E-ISSN 2805-4362 P-ISSN 2805-4340, 3(11), 01-07. Retrieved from