GPH-International Journal of Agriculture and Research <p style="font-family: Aptos;"><strong>The scope of GPH - International Journal of Agriculture &amp; Research is not limited to the following subject areas: Agronomy, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology, food science and technology, Plant Science, Fertilizers and pesticides, Genetic Engineering &amp; plant breeding, Animal science veterinary Science, Aquaculture/Fisheries, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural machinery, Post Harvest and Quality, Agricultural development, Agricultural Economics, Rural Development, Sustainable Agriculture, Organic agriculture, Soil Conservation, Soil Science, Rainwater harvesting and crop water management, Crop Genetics &amp; Breeding, Tillage &amp; Cultivation Agricultural products – Raw Materials, Foods, Fibers, Fuels, Irrigation, Soil &amp; Fertilization.<span style="font-size: medium;"><a title="Journal Impact Factor" href=""><span style="color: #222222;"><span style="font-family: 'Book Antiqua', serif;"><span style="helvetica: Arial, serif;"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><span style="text-shadow: #FF0000 0px 0px 2px;">Impact Factor: 1.877</span></span></span></span></span></span></a></span></strong></p> GPH - International Journals en-US GPH-International Journal of Agriculture and Research <p>Author(s) and co-author(s)&nbsp;jointly&nbsp;and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any&nbsp;copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published&nbsp;elsewhere.&nbsp;Author(s) agree to the terms that the <strong>GPH Journal</strong> will have the full right to remove the published article on any misconduct found in the published article.</p> THE NATURE OF FIELD AGRICULTURAL THE NATURE OF FIELD AGRICULTURAL EXTENDER COMMUNICATION VEGETABLE PLANTS IN MUGIREJO VILLAGE SUNGAI PINANG DISTRICT, SAMARINDA CITY <p>The nature of communication is the process of conveying messages from the communicator to the communicant, where the messages conveyed are agricultural, whether in the form of new information, new ideas, new technology, or new improved methods. This research aims to determine the nature of communication and communication success of field agricultural instructors. This research was carried out from May to July 2022 in Mugirejo Village, Sungai Pinang District, Samarinda City. The sampling method used was Census with a total of 24 respondents and all vegetable farmers were used as respondents. The data analysis method used is a descriptive method with a qualitative research type. The results of research on the nature of PPL communication in Mugirejo Village, Sungai Pinang District from four indicators, namely the nature of face-to-face communication 100%, media 62.50%, verbal 54.17%, and non-verbal 50%/ The success of PPL communication among vegetable farmers was successful like communication face to face, media, verbal and non-verbal with an average score of 30.79</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Syarifah Maryam Firda Juita Moranida Simbolon ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-06 2024-05-06 7 04 01 08 10.5281/zenodo.11122924 FACTORS RELATING TO FARMERS' INTEREST IN USING CERTIFIED SUPERIOR SEEDS IN FIELD RICE FARMING IN SOUTH SANGATTA VILLAGE <p>Rice is one of the most dominant food commodities for most Indonesian people. The government seeks to increase rice production to meet rice demand through the approach of using certified superior varieties. Farmers' interest in using certified superior seeds is influenced by many factors. This research was conducted to determine the relationship between internal and external factors on farmers' interest in using superior certified seed in lowland rice farming in South Sangatta Village. This research was conducted from September 2022 to October 2022 in South Sangatta Village, Sangatta District, East Kutai Regency. The data used are primary data and secondary data. The sampling method used purposive random sampling method with the number of respondents as many as 37 people from a total farmer population of 220 rice farmers. The data of this study were analyzed using the Likert method. The results showed that the factors related to farmers' interest in using certified superior seeds in farming were mostly internal factors, namely farming experience, while external factors that made farmers interested in using certified superior seeds in lowland rice farming were seed assistance from the government.</p> Midiansyah Effendi Eko Harry Yulianto Firda Juita Muhammad Ridho ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-06 2024-05-06 7 04 09 16 10.5281/zenodo.11123151 ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENCES IN INCOM ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENCES IN INCOME FROM PALM PALM FARMING AND RUBBER FARMING IN BENUA BARU VILLAGE, MUARA BENGAL SUBDISTRICT EAST KUTAI DISTRICT <p><strong>The fertile soil of East Kutai Regency is very suitable for the development of various plantation commodities, including oil palm and rubber. The development of oil palm and rubber farming is one of East Kutai's leading programs. Oil palm plantations are developing along with the growth of cooperatives as an economic movement, while the number of palm oil factories has reached 19 units, which is the largest in East Kalimantan. This research aims to determine the level of income from palm oil and rubber farming, the financial feasibility of developing businesses, and optimizing the production results of oil palm and rubber farming areas in Benua Baru Village, Muara Bengkal District. The analytical method used in this research is the analytical criteria to determine statistically whether there is a real difference in income between oil palm and rubber farming, analysis of the difference test between two independent samples (Independent sample T Test). Village. </strong><strong>The research results show that: (1) the average income from oil palm farming is IDR 312.193.729 respondent<sup>-1</sup> year<sup>-1</sup> on a scale of 3 ha or IDR 13.815.489ha<sup>-1</sup> year<sup>-1</sup>, with an average production cost of IDR 3..276.816 respondent<sup>-1</sup> year<sup>-1</sup> or IDR 1.281.234ha<sup>-1</sup> year<sup>-1</sup> and an average selling price of palm oil IDR 819,000 kg fresh fruit cobs<sup>-1</sup>; (2)the average rubber farming income is IDR 19.814.210 respondent<sup>-1</sup> year<sup>-1</sup> on a scale of 2.04 ha or IDR 11.693.114 ha<sup>-1</sup> year<sup>-1</sup>, with an average production cost of IDR 14.146.795 respondent<sup>-1</sup> year<sup>-1</sup> or IDR 7.936.166 ha<sup>-1</sup> year<sup>- 1</sup> and an average selling price of rubber IDR 9,978 kg; and (3) statistically there is a difference in income between oil palm farming and rubber farming in Benua Baru Village.</strong></p> Multi Selpi Nella Naomi Duakaju ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 7 04 17 25 10.5281/zenodo.11163087 STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF GULAYAN SA PAARALAN PROGRAM (GPP) OF PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF SORSOGON <p><strong>The Status of the Implementation of the GulayansaPaaralan Program (GPP) of Public Secondary Schools in the Division of Sorsogon was determined through descriptive-evaluative and documentary analysis. Multiple methods were utilized in analyzing implementation based on the policy which includes an online survey as the primary method. Students' interview, Focused Group Discussion (FGD), documentary analysis, and observation were used to validate the results of the survey.Generally, GPP is implemented and sustained within the standard (2.84 General Weighted Mean) which means that it is anchored on the policy guidelines promulgated by DepEd. However, though the program is implemented, there were two (2) objectives found moderately implemented,defined as implemented but lacks sustainability namely, establishing and maintaining the school garden as a ready food basket/source of vegetables in sustaining supplementary feeding (2.52 WM) and showcasing small-scale food production model in schools for households/communities to replicate and purposely to promote family food security (2.83 WM).FGD confirmed problems met such as administrative/management, agricultural/technological, climate change, and socio-economic problems so the schools opted to implement. The topmost problems with the highest frequency and percentage are lack of volunteers (97%), lack of support from the parents/stakeholders (94%), problematic soil/acidic (95%), time constraint teacher overloading (93%), socio-economic (theft/garden distraction), lack of tools, equipment, and machinery (93%), lack of water/irrigation system (91%), and inappropriate time schedule for agriculture subjects (90%). To improve the status of implementation, a highly acceptable (with a rating of 4.45 WM by jurors) GPP Action Plan was prepared to improve implementation.</strong></p> AL M. ALCANTARA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 7 04 26 49 10.5281/zenodo.11178682 CONTRIBUTION OF SUPPRESSIVE SOIL IN CONTROLLING PLANT DISEASES <p>Some soils have been observed to suppress diseases in crops grown upon them. Soils are a rich source of microbes that are thought to help plants suppress pathogens by improving the health of the plant, induce natural plant defense, produce antibiotics, compete against pathogens, or hyperparasitize the pathogen. Soil that suppresses crop disease due to the specific structure of its&nbsp;<a href="">microbial community</a>&nbsp;is known as disease-suppressive soil. Suppressive soil is an attractive method of biocontrol, because it has the potential to be sustainable over many seasons under favourable conditions.Suppressive soil is an example where the microflora in the soil is effective in protecting plants against soil-borne pathogens. The diversity and density of populations (bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi) is higher in suppressive soil than in conducive soil, including the diversity and population density of antagonistic microbes, for example in banana plant habitats without symptoms of Fusarium wilt (suppressive soil) is higher than the diversity of soil microbes in banana plant habitat with Fusarium wilt symptoms (conducive soil).</p> I Made Sudarma Ni Nengah Darmiati Dewa Ngurah Suprapta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-26 2024-05-26 7 04 50 59 10.5281/zenodo.11353986