• Anwuri, Patience Nwokaego Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management Faculty of Management Sciences University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
  • Osuoha, Ifeanyi Jude Department Of Hospitality and Tourism Management Faculty of Agriculture Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
Keywords: Tourist attractions, tourism, employment, rural development, economic development


Tourist attractions and economic development in Nigeria: An empirical review is the subject of discourse. The study was set to achieve two specific objectives: to determine the relationship between tourist attractions and employment rate in Nigeria and to ascertain the relationship between tourist attractions and rural development in Nigeria.  Structured questionnaires were administered to the selected tourist attractions (tourist employees, management, and rural dwellers). Descriptive statistics was adopted to analyze the research questions. The hypotheses were tested using linear regression analysis to obtain the relationship between the variable under review. The findings showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between tourist attractions and the employment rate in Nigeria. It also revealed that tourist attractions are a source of rural development in Nigeria. It was concluded that tourism has tremendously contributed to the growth of relevant services and infrastructure in Nigeria. The study, therefore, recommended that government should create a serene environment that has the capacity to enhance destination attractiveness in Nigeria; that funds realized from tourism should be used for development projects, and that more attention should be given to tourism because of its employment opportunities to the jobless youths in Nigeria.


Download data is not yet available.


Akighir, D.A &Ateata, A. (2017) Tourism-economic growth nexus in Nigeria: Implications for the economic recovery and growth plan. Nigerian Journal of Management Sciences, 6(1), 318-331
Bahmani-Oskooee M. (1993). Export growth and economic growth: An application of cointegration and error-correction modeling. J. Dev. Areas.27:535–542.
Chow, P.C. (1987). Causality between export growth and industrial development: Empirical evidence from the NICs. J. Dev. Econ. 26:55–63.
Croes R., & Vanegas M., Sr. (2008). Co-integration and causality between tourism and poverty reduction. J. Travel Res.47:94–103.
Dakin, S. &Armstrong, J. (1989). Predicting job performance: A comparison of expert opinion and research findings. International Journal of Forecasting.5 (2): 187–94.
Durbarry, R. (2004). Tourism and economic growth: The case of Mauritius. Tour. Econ. 10, 389–401.
Eneji, M. A. (PhD), Odey, F.A. &Bullus, M.L. (2016).Diversification of Nigeria’s economy; impact of tourism on sustainable development in Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Studies, 3(5), 36-44.
Francois. J.B. & Don. R.H. (1980). The perceived impact of tourism by residents; a case study in Santa Marta, Colombia. Annals of Tourism Research, Elsevier, 83-101.
Hall D. & Richards, G. (2002). Tourism and sustainable community development. Routledge; London, UK: 2002. The community: A sustainable concept in tourism development? 19–32.
IMF (2012). Statistics on the growth of the global gross domestic product (GDP) from 2003 to 2013.
Jhingan, M. L. (2003), The Economic Development and Planning, 33rd ed., New A.S Offset Press, New Delhi, India
Kaul, R. (1985). Dynamics of tourism: A trilogy, 111. New Delhi: Transportation and Marketing.
Lawrence, R.E, Patrick, T.L, Richard, R.P. & Scote, K. (1988). The impact of tourism development on residents’ perceptions of community life. Journal of Travel Research, SAGE.
Manwa, H. (2012). Communities understanding of tourists and the tourism industry: The Lesotho Highlands Water Project. Afr. J. Bus. Manag.6:6667–6674.
Manzoor, F., Wei, L., Asif, M., Hag, M.Z. & Hafiz, R. (2019). The contribution of sustainable tourism to economic growth and employment in Pakistan. Int. J. Environ Res Public Health. 16(19), 10-19.
Marin, D. (1992). Is the export-led growth hypothesis valid for industrialized countries? Rev. Econ. Stat.4:678–688.
Milton, F. (1980). A Theoretical Framework of monetary analysis. Journal of monetary issues, 1(2), 243-249.
Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism, (2016). The Federal Government of Nigeria Gazzette on impact of tourism in Nigeria.
Ndajiya, A., Shehu, M. & Yunusa, H. M. (2014). The possible impact of tourism industry on Nigeria economy. Review of Public Administration and Management, 3(5), 67-75.
Smith, A. (2007). Wealth of Nations, Cosimo Classics.Cosimo Books; New York, NY, USA.
Steiner, C. (2006). Tourism, poverty reduction and the political economy: Egyptian perspectives on tourism’s economic benefits in a semi-rentier state. Tour. Hosp. Plan. Dev.3:161–177.
Toh, M.H. and Linda, L. (1990). Economic impact of tourism in Singapore. Annals of Tourism Research. 246-269.
WTTC (2014, 2015). World travel and tourism council, 2014 & 2015. The authority on world travel and tourism: travel and tourism economic impact on Nigeria.
Yusuff, M.A. & Akinde, M. A (2015). Tourism development and economic growth nexus: Nigeria’s experience. European Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research, 3(4), 1-10.
How to Cite
Patience Nwokaego, A., & Ifeanyi Jude, O. (2022). TOURIST ATTRACTIONS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS. GPH-International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research, 5(01), 69-79.