GPH-International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research <p><strong><span style="color: #222222;"><span style="font-family: 'Aptos', serif;"><span style="aptos: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium; font-family: 'Aptos', serif;"><span style="color: #000000;">(e-ISSN 2795-3248&nbsp;p-ISSN 2795-3222) </span></span></span><span style="aptos: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium; font-family: 'Aptos', serif;"><span style="color: #000000;">Some of the major topics include (but are not limited to) are </span></span></span><span style="helvetica: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium; font-family: 'Aptos', serif;"><span style="color: #000000;">Law, Anthropology, Archaeology, Geography, and Regional Planning, Terrorism, Business Management, Business Studies, Communication studies, Corporate Governance, Corporate organization, Criminology, Cross-cultural, studies, Demography, Development Studies, Economics, English, Literature, Entrepreneurship, ethics, General History, Geography, History, Human, human Tribes, Industrial relations, Information Science, International relations, International studies, Law, Legal Management, Library Science, Linguistics, literature, Local Languages, Market Management, Media studies, Music, Operational Management. </span></span></span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><a title="Journal Impact Factor" href=""><span style="color: #222222;"><span style="font-family: 'Book Antiqua', serif;"><span style="helvetica: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-family: 'Book Antiqua', serif;"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><span style="text-shadow: #FF0000 0px 0px 2px;">Impact Factor: 2.435</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></a></span></strong></p> GLOBAL PUBLICATION HOUSE en-US GPH-International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research <p>Author(s) and co-author(s)&nbsp;jointly&nbsp;and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any&nbsp;copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published&nbsp;elsewhere.&nbsp;Author(s) agree to the terms that the <strong>GPH Journal</strong> will have the full right to remove the published article on any misconduct found in the published article.</p> OCCUPATIONAL HAZARD CONTROL NEEDS OF SLAUGHTERHOUSE WORKERS IN BAYELSA STATE, NIGERIA <p>This study examined the occupational hazard control needs of slaughterhouse workers in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. The study was guided by four objectives and four research questions. The descriptive research design was adopted with a population which comprised 1,003 slaughterhouse workers in Bayelsa State.&nbsp; The sample size for the study was 502 which was selected using a proportionate random sampling technique. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of 0.95. Data collected were analyzed with the aid of Statistical Products for Service Solution (SPSS V-23) using bivariate and multivariate regression statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The hazards control equipment needs are: helmet (85.5%), face shield (85.5%), nasal mask (68.8), safety boot (63.6%), eye goggle (67.0%), hand glove (67.6%), ear plug and muff (70.2%) and fire extinguisher (65.2%).The hazard control training needs are: taking part in fire and emergency drill (76.9%), participating in a toolbox meeting (75.9%), taking part in hazards control training (75.9%), and attending workshop meetings (50.8%). However, only 33.4% had hazard control practice need. It was concluded that, slaughterhouse workers in Bayelsa State had hazard control needs in specific areas such as training and hazard control equipment needs which must be met by conscious effort to avert the effect of occupational hazards inherent in the job. It was recommended among others that, Slaughterhouse site supervisors should design and implement hazard control training and retraining programmes for the workers at regular intervals.</p> OFFOR, Aduadua Bennett ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-27 2024-05-27 7 05 01 14 10.5281/zenodo.11351217 Perception of Parents to the Vulnerability of Boarding Schools Students’ and the risk of Sending their children to School in Nigeria <p>The study examined perception of parents to the vulnerability of boarding schools students and the risk of sending their children to school in Nigeria. &nbsp;When children are sent to boarding school it can leave them traumatized and disrupt trust leading them to hide their vulnerable selves both in childhood and adulthood. Parents perceived that boarding schools can be too strict and regimented, they also feel that their children are being taken away too soon. Parents also perceived that some children may feel isolated, feeling of loss, adjustment, emotional stress, insecurity of schooling environment, attitude of teachers, managers, toxic schooling environment and fear of being bullied. The descriptive survey design was used. The study population includes 50 boarding schools in Nigeria. The sample and sampling technique used for the study a random sampling technique. A total number of 150 respondents consisting of 50 boarding school heads and 100 teachers were selected from 15 boarding schools from Delta and Edo states. Two states were randomly selected. A questionnaire self - designed and titled “Perception of Parents to the Vulnerability of Boarding Schools Students Questionnaire (PPVBSSQ)”, validated and its reliability equally determined via a pilot study using test re-test reliability technique with a coefficient index of 0.84 was used. The research questions raised were answered using simple percentage. It was therefore recommended that the schools should strive to make their boarding schools a conducive environment for the younger children in order to reduce the hostility situation. It is important that government regulates the boarding system and ensure quality control, where good food, friendly/ caring and committed teachers are found. Available resources for the children and everything deemed important to the students are provided. More so, &nbsp;the government should intervene &nbsp;in the situation of boarding schools for the young children, rather than leaving everything to the owners. The government should make policies to regulates the situations in boarding schools for the purpose of improvement rather than leaving everything to the school owners.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Dr. URIEN, James ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-27 2024-05-27 7 05 15 27 10.5281/zenodo.11354422 IMPLEMENTATION OF DIVERSION IN CRIMINAL CASES OF THEFT BY CHILDREN BASED ON LAW NUMBER 11 OF 2012 CONCERNING CHILDREN'S CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM <p><strong>Children are the next generation of the nation and have a long future journey and high aspirations. The psychological condition of children is still unstable, not independent, and easily influenced so criminal acts committed by children cannot be fully held accountable by the children themselves because children as perpetrators are not pure perpetrators but are also victims. When a child conflicts with the law, the child has the right to receive special protection. The research aims to determine the application of diversion in cases of criminal acts of theft by children and to determine the factors that become obstacles in the process of applying diversion to criminal acts of theft by children. The type of research used is normative juridical legal research, namely research that examines document studies using various secondary data such as statutory regulations, court decisions, legal theory, and research journals, and can be in the form of opinions by experts. The results of the research show that the implementation of diversion in cases of criminal acts of theft by children in Berau Regency has been successfully implemented in a coordinated manner among related institutions, where implementation is determined at all levels of case examination (investigation, prosecution, and trial). The obstacles faced in implementing diversion in Berau Regency are the lack of understanding of the community's thinking regarding the concept of diversion, the conditions and peace agreements not being achieved, and children not meeting the requirements for diversion. Police agencies and the Regional Technical Implementation Unit for the Protection of Women and Children (UPTD PPA) are expected to increase outreach to the community, victims, and victims' families regarding the concept of diversion and it is hoped that all levels of inspection will be more active in involving various parties who should be involved in the diversion process.</strong></p> Ony Rosifany Ega Nur Ratnasari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-06-08 2024-06-08 7 05 28 37 10.5281/zenodo.11526182 SELF PROTECTION MOTIVATION, SUBJECTIVE NORMS, AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION PRACTICES AMONG OIL WORKERS IN SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA <p>The study investigated self protection motivation, subjective norms and accident prevention practices among oil workers in south- south Nigeria. This study on self protection motivation, subjective norms and accident prevention practices among oil workers in south-south Nigeria takes a cursory look and investigate holistically workers accident prevention practices as its relate to self protection motivation, subjective norms of the oil companies in south- south in Nigeria. The study is informed by the fact that although, many oil companies of repute, SPDC, Agip and chevron inclusive do provide appreciable equipment and adequate measure to prevent accident or reduce to its minimal occurrence in workplace. It is still recorded that accidents occurrence in oil company remain a great concern. This then becomes puzzling and there is need for thorough investigation into this situation. It is against this backdrop that these research was conducted to investigate among other things self protection motivation of workers and subjective norms of the company and how it has generally impacted on workers accident prevention practice in SPDC, Agip and Chevron, south- south Nigeria. the researcher adopted the descriptive survey research method of the ex- post factors design. The multi- stage sampling technique was used to select 1000 oil flow workers in Agip, Chevron and shell petroleum development company, south- south Nigeria. The instrument that was used for date collection was self constructed questionnaire with reliability of 0.62 for person co relation at 0.05 level of significance and alpha Cronbach 0.61. frequency count means and percentage was used to analyse three research questions and linear multiple regression was used to test nine workers intention for safety practices and self protection motivation and subjective norms. Also there was no significant relationship between workers accident experience and accident prevention practice among oil workers in south- south Nigeria. implication of these findings are that they need to prevent themselves against accident in workplaces, all policies and rules made by the company to prevent accident do reflect in there intention to exhibit accident prevention practices. Efforts should be made by the company to give regular training to old and new workers on the need to practice absolute safety in the industry and adequate monitoring of workers for safety practices. This study concluded among others that on the job training will have a positive impact on workers accident prevention practice and that more effort should be made to strategize on the job training and made its regular for workers. The study recommended among others that safety training should be given regularly to both old and new workers. Finally its was suggested that the study could be implicated in other industries in south- south Nigeria and among other oil workers in south- south Nigeria.</p> Eferakorho, Aghogho Onyerhovwo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-06-13 2024-06-13 7 05 38 69 10.5281/zenodo.11631643 THE EFFECT OF DIVORCE ON THE PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF ADOLESCENTS IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN THE BUEA MUNICIPALITY <p>Divorce has become prevalent in Cameroon, especially among young couples in metropolitan cities. Despite this fact, very few studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of divorce on the psychosocial development of adolescents in selected secondary schools in the Buea Municipality. The study had as objectives; (1) it seeks to examine the relationship between litigation divorce and the psychosocial development of adolescents in some selected secondary schools in the Buea Municipality, (2) to examine the relationship between mutual consent divorce and the psychosocial development of adolescents in some selected secondary schools in the Buea Municipality, (3) also, it seeks to examine the relationship between divorce due to irretrievable marital bonds and the psychosocial development of adolescents in some selected secondary schools in the Buea Municipality. The study made use of the qualitative research method, which also adopted the case study research design. It was conducted in the Buea Municipality, Fako Division, South West Region of Cameroon. The target population for the study was all adolescents from divorced homes. The accessible population consisted of 150 adolescents from some selected secondary schools in the Buea Municipality.&nbsp; The simple random sampling was employed to select 6 secondary schools used for this study. The purposive, non-probability sampling technique were then used to select the adolescent secondary school student participants. Data was collected using open ended questionnaires. The qualitative data obtained was analysed using the narrative analysis method. From the results of the study, divorce had impaired with adolescents’ psychosocial development. It was recommended that parents should show their adolescent children more love and care as they are most affected by their decision to divorce. There is also a need for divorced parents to adopt a more authoritative parenting style as it takes a more child cantered approach and would enable parents to understand their children’s feelings, teach them how to regulate their feelings as well as encourages their children to be independent. More research should be conducted on the predisposing factors of parental divorce and separation among Cameroon’s young families.</p> Dr. Zang Ndi Serge Armand Emmanuel Mafany Mbella ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-06-13 2024-06-13 7 05 70 101 10.5281/zenodo.11636266 OVERVIEW OF THE ROLE OF THE VILLAGE CONSULTATIVE BOARD IN VILLAGE GOVERNMENT <p>Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 6 of 2014 concerning Villages has brought new enthusiasm and hope to create independent villages. The Law regulates the position, function and role of village government, and also explains the representation of the population with the formation of the Regional Consultative Board (BPD).&nbsp; BPD has a strategic function in determining village policies and supervising the implementation of village government.&nbsp; The aim of the research is to determine the role and supporting and inhibiting factors related to the performance of the BPD of Sungai Payang Village, Loa Kulu District, Kutai Kartanegara Regency.&nbsp; This qualitative descriptive research was carried out in Sungai Payang Village, Loa Kulu District, Kutai Kartanegara Regency from February to May 2023. Key informants and informants who were the subjects of the research were: Village Head, Chair of the BPD, Chair of the Empowerment Institution Community, Chair of Traditional Institutions, Youth Leaders, and Women Leaders. Data collection was carried out through library research obtained through journals, books or supporting materials in research; and through field research through observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis was carried out by systematically searching and compiling data obtained from interviews, observations and documentation. The stages of data analysis are: data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions/verification.&nbsp;&nbsp; The results of the research show that: (1) BPD Sungai Payang has carried out its role well as supervisor of village development, supervisor of Village Head performance, supervisor of village finances, exploring, accommodating and channeling community aspirations, and submitting Draft Village Regulations; (2) supporting factors for BPD Sungai Payang activities are that the BPD administrators are on average educated, the availability of a BPD office, BPD members understand the problems, potential and conditions of the village, and understand the rules related to the technical implementation of village government, and the creation of good cooperation between BPD and Village Government; and (3) factors inhibiting the tasks and role of the BPD, namely: lack of coordination between institutions and village officials to absorb the aspirations of village residents, sometimes personal egos and certain groups emerge, some BPD administrators have junior high school education, not all BPD members are able to understand the main duties &amp; position of the BPD, and there is a lack of synchronization between the BPD and the village government in terms of the village development budget.</p> Ahmad Jubaidi Titin Riyanti Ghufron Ghufron Raudah Mahmud Sudiyarti Sudiyarti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-06-15 2024-06-15 7 05 102 115 10.5281/zenodo.11667924 Legal Philosophy: The Meaning of Wise and Wise Social Justice in a Contemporary Philosophical Perspective <p>Social justice is one of the main pillars of legal philosophy which requires deep and wise interpretation. This journal explores the concept of wise and prudent social justice from the perspective of contemporary legal philosophy, with a focus on the values ​​of wisdom (washatiyah), mental morality, transcendental spirituality, diversity (samahah), social morality, and cultural spirituality. Through qualitative research methods with literature studies, this study analyzes the main works of contemporary philosophers as well as the practical implications of these concepts in the context of law and public policy in Indonesia. The study results show that the integration of these values ​​not only enriches understanding of social justice but also provides practical guidance for achieving sustainable and inclusive justice in the legal system. It is hoped that this study can provide a meaningful contribution to the development of social justice theory and practice in Indonesia.</p> dzaky Fadillah Rahman Sidik Sunaryo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-06-15 2024-06-15 7 05 116 122 10.5281/zenodo.11668218 INFLUENCE OF PARENTING STYLES AND PARENTS' EDUCATIONAL LEVEL ON SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS <p>Early studies proposed that parents are in charge of their children's emotional and social development and that a child's home environment shapes certain attitudes in him that are aided or hampered by his experiences at school. in today's world, a lot of the good attitudes that parents teach their children at home are hampered by some of the experiences they have outside of the family and at school. As a result, these experiences lead to youngsters having more trouble in school and adjusting to their social environment. The study applied the ex-post facto design. Students involved in the study include 368 senior secondary school students. The questionnaire served as the primary tool for data gathering. One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and the t-test were used to evaluate the generated data. The results showed that parental styles have a substantial impact on their children's social adjustment, whereas parents' educational backgrounds had no significant impact on their children's social adjustment in the state. This study would be beneficial to parents, teachers and students. Based on the findings it will enlighten parents, students and teachers that parental styles and parental educational level greatly influence children social adjustment.</p> Egbule, Elizabeth Osita Odofin, Toyin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-06-15 2024-06-15 7 05 123 136 10.5281/zenodo.11670216