The Liberals and Conservatives – The Impeachment of Donald Trump: A Competing Species Model
Why do people want to become politicians and want to go into politics at the national level? Presumably, many years ago, people went into politics because they believed it was their civic duty to represent the people of their districts and believed they could do it well. A few decades ago that all changed. An incumbent could run on the issue of “look what I have done to help”, whether they helped or not. Incumbents can claim that they are “climbing the ladder and if re-elected could do even more”. Would be politicians have a difficult time overcoming those kind of statements. Political seats do not change often and thus we now have “professional” politicians, people who can and have served for decades. What could possibly go wrong with that? Professional politicians often have very different agendas, many of which are not in the best interests of their constituency.
2. U.S. Constitution, Article II, Section 4
3. THE FEDERALIST No. 65 (Alexander Hamilton)
4. Impeachment of Walter L. Nixon, Jr., H.Rept. 101-36 at 5 (1989).
5. Storey, Joseph (1833) Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States §794-803 Staff of the Impeachment Inquiry, Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, Constitutional Grounds for Presidential Impeachment, 93rd Conf. 2nd Sess. (Feb. 1974),1974 Impeachment Inquiry Report
6. See Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson, in Impeachment—Selected Materials, Committee on the Judiciary, 93d Cong., Impeachment—Selected Material 692 (Comm. Print 1973).
7. Bowsher v. Synar, 478 U.S. 714, 729-30 (1986)
8. "Nixon vs. United States". Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago-Kent School of Law. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
9. Gerald Ford's Remarks on the Impeachment of Supreme Court Justice William Douglas April 15, 1970. Retrieved 21 March 2019.]
10. Ripy, Thomas B. "Standard of Proof in Senate Impeachment Proceedings". Congressional Research Service.
11. The Constitution also discusses the President's power to appoint "Officers of the United States," "the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments," and "Inferior officers." That's different.
12. Senate Journal, 5th Cong., 3rd Sess., Dec. 17, 1798 to Jan. 10, 1799.
13. Senate List of Impeachment trials Archived December 2, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
14. Buckner F. Milton (1998). The First Impeachment. Mercer University Press. ISBN 9780865545977.
15. "House Rules". Archived from the original on December 12, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
16. Parliamentarian of the House, U.S. House of Representatives, The House Practice: A Guide to the Rules, Precedents and Procedures of the House, at https://www.govinfo.gov/collection/house-practice. Each Congress adopts its own rules, available at https://rules.house.gov/resources
17. "Rules and Procedures of Practice in the Senate When Sitting on Impeachment Trials" (PDF). Senate Manual Containing the Standing Rules, Orders, Laws and Resolutions Affecting the Business of the United States Senate. United States Senate. August 16, 1986. Section 100–126, 105th Congress, pp. 177–185. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
18. Clark, Richard C. (2008-07-22). "McFadden's Attempts to Abolish the Federal Reserve System". Scribd. Archived from the original on 2010-03-02. Retrieved 2009-06-20. Though a Republican, he moved to impeach President Herbert Hoover in 1932 and introduced a resolution to bring conspiracy charges against the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve.
19. "National Affairs: Texan, Texan & Texan". Time. January 25, 1932. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
20. Legislative Reference Service of the Library of Congress, Role of Vice-President Designate Gerald R. Ford in the Attempt to Impeach Associate Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas.
21. James Buchanan, The Works of James Buchanan Vol. XII, pp. 225–26 (John Bassett Moore ed., J.B. Lippincott Company) (1911)
22. United States v. Rumely, 345 U.S. 41, 43 (1953), quoting Woodrow Wilson, Congressional Government: A Study in American Politics, 303.
23. "What would Trump have to do to get impeached?". whatifhq.com. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
24. Gerhardt, Michael J. "Essays on Article I: Punishment for Impeachment". The Heritage Guide to the Constitution. Heritage Foundation. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
25. Presser, Stephen B. "Essays on Article I: Impeachment". The Heritage Guide to the Constitution. Heritage Foundation. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
26. Foley, Edward B. (September 25, 2019). "Congress Should Remove Trump from Office, But Let Him Run Again in 2020". Politico.
27. "Welcome to The American Presidency". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-04-20.
28. Erskine, Daniel H. (2008). "The Trial of Queen Caroline and the Impeachment of President Clinton: Law As a Weapon for Political Reform". Washington University Global Studies Law Review. 7(1). ISSN 1546-6981.
29. "U.S. Senate: Impeachment". www.senate.gov. Retrieved 2018-09-19.
30. "Impeachment History". Infoplease. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
31. "Chapter 4: Complete List of Senate Impeachment Trials". United States Senate. Archivedfrom the original on 2010-12-02. Retrieved 2010-12-08. ()
32. U.S. Joint Committee on Printing (September 2006). "Impeachment Proceedings". Congressional Directory. Retrieved 2009-06-19. (Archived by WebCite)
33. "Impeachments of Federal Judges". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 2017-05-16.
34. ^ "1801: Senate Tries Supreme Court Justice". November 25, 2014.
35. PBS NewsHour
36. Baker, Jean H.: James Buchanan; Times Books, 2004
37. U.S. House Journal, 36th Congress, 1st session, Page 450
38. Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52 (1926)
39. "Judges of the United States Courts – Delahay, Mark W."Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
40. "Hinds' Precedents, Volume 3 – Chapter 78 – The Impeachment and Trial of Charles Swayne".
41. House Rept 93–774
42. “House Res. 93-803, Resolution providing appropriate power to the Committee on the Judiciary to conduct an investigation of whether sufficient grounds exist to impeach Richard M. Nixon, President of the United States
43. House Report 93-1305, Report of the Committee on the Judiciary, Impeachment of Richard M. Nixon, President of the United States
44. https://www.congress.gov/congressional-report/105th-congress/house-report/830 House Report 105-830 – Impeachment of William Jefferson Clinton, President of the United States
45. Erskine, Daniel H (2008). "The Trial of Queen Caroline and the Impeachment of President Clinton: Law As a Weapon for Political Reform". Washington University Global Studies Law Review. Washington University in St. Louis. 7 (1). Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
46. Gamboa, Suzanne (2009-06-30). "White House accepts convicted judge's resignation". Associated Press. Archivedfrom the original on March 26, 2010. Retrieved 2009-07-22.
47. Gamboa, Suzanne (2009-07-22). "Congress ends jailed judge's impeachment". Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 22, 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-08.
48. Powell, Stewart (2009-06-19). "U.S. House impeaches Kent". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 21, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-19. In action so rare it has been carried out only 14 times since 1803, the House on Friday impeached a federal judge—imprisoned U.S. District Court Judge Samuel B. Kent ...
49. Alpert, Bruce; Tilove, Jonathan (2010-12-08). "Senate votes to remove Judge Thomas Porteous from office". New Orleans Times-Picayune. Retrieved 2010-12-08.
50. Alpert, Bruce (2010-03-11). "Judge Thomas Porteous impeached by U.S. House of Representatives". New Orleans Times-Picayune. Retrieved 2010-03-11.
51. NYS Constitution, Article VI, § 24
52. Suntrup, Jack; Erickson, Kurt. "Embattled Gov. Eric Greitens resigns". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
53. "House votes to impeach Blagojevich again". Chicago Tribune. 2009-01-14. Retrieved 2009-01-14.
54. Bateman, Newton; Selby, Paul; Shonkwiler, Frances M.; Fowkes, Henry L. (1908). Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois. Chicago, IL: Munsell Publishing Company. p. 489.
55. "Impeachment of State Officials". Cga.ct.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
56. Blackmar, Frank (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History. Standard Publishing Co. p. 598.
57. "Letters Relating to the Efforts to Impeach Governor Harrison Reed During the Reconstruction Era". floridamemory.com. Archived from the original on 2016-05-29. Retrieved 2016-11-04.
58. "State Governors of Louisiana: Henry Clay Warmoth". Enlou.com. Archived from the original on 2008-04-06. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
59. News & Observer: NC's dark impeachment history by Rob Christensen
60. “Sulzer Impeached by Assembly But Refuses to Surrender Office", Syracuse Herald, August 13, 1913, p. 1
61. "High Court Removes Sulzer from Office by a Vote of 43 to 12", Syracuse Herald, October 17, 1913, p. 1
62. Block, Lourenda (2000). "Permanent University Fund: Investing in the Future of Texas". TxTell (University of Texas at Austin). Archived from the original on 2009-02-04. Retrieved 2009-02-14.
63. Official Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Louisiana, April 6, 1929 pp. 292–94
64. "Raulston Schoolfield, Impeached Judge, Dies". UPI. October 8, 1982. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
65. "Impeachment Trial Finds Judge Guilty". AP. July 11, 1958. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
66. "Attorney General is Impeached". AP. 1984-03-14. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
67. "Nebraskan Found Not Guilty". AP. 1984-05-04. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
68. Gruson, Lindsey (1988-02-06). "House Impeaches Arizona Governor". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
69. Gruson, Lindsey (1988-04-05). "Arizona's Senate Ousts Governor, Voting Him Guilty of Misconduct". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
70. AP staff reporter (1989-03-30). "Impeachment in West Virginia". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
71. Wallace, Anise C. (1989-07-10). "Treasurer of West Virginia Retires Over Fund's Losses". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
72. "Kentucky House Votes To Impeach Jailed Official". Orlando Sentinel. 1991-01-26. Retrieved 2015-11-16. The House voted unanimously Friday to impeach the agriculture commissioner six days after he began serving a one-year sentence for a payroll violation.
73. "Jailed Official Resigns Before Impeachment Trial". Orlando Sentinel. 1991-02-07. Retrieved 2015-11-16. Kentucky's commissioner of agriculture, serving a one-year jail sentence for felony theft, resigned Wednesday hours before his impeachment trial was scheduled to begin in the state Senate.
74. Hinds, Michael deCourcy (1994-05-25). "Pennsylvania House Votes To Impeach a State Justice". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-24. A State Supreme Court justice convicted on drug charges was impeached today by the Pennsylvania House of Representatives.
75. Moushey, Bill; Tim Reeves (1994-10-05). "Larsen Removed Senate Convicts Judge On 1 Charge". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. p. A1. Retrieved 2013-09-14. Rolf Larsen yesterday became the first justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court to be removed from office through impeachment. The state Senate, after six hours of debate, found Larsen guilty of one of seven articles of impeachment at about 8:25 p.m, then unanimously voted to remove him permanently from office and bar him from ever seeking an elected position again.
76. Young, Virginia (1994-10-07). "Moriarty Is Impeached – Secretary Of State Will Fight Removal". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. St. Louis, MO. p. 1A. Retrieved 2013-09-14. The House voted overwhelmingly Thursday to impeach Secretary of State Judith K. Moriarty for misconduct that "breached the public trust". The move, the first impeachment in Missouri in 26 years, came at 4:25 p.m. in a hushed House chamber.
77. Young, Virginia; Bell, Kim (1994-12-13). "High Court Ousts Moriarty". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. St. Louis, MO. p. 1A. Retrieved 2013-09-14. In a unanimous opinion Monday, the Missouri Supreme Court convicted Secretary of State Judith K. Moriarty of misconduct and removed her from office.
78. Vogel, Ed (2004-11-12). "Augustine impeached". Review-Journal. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
79. Whaley, Sean (2004-12-05). "Senate lets controller keep job". Review-Journal. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
80. Jenkins, Nate (2006-04-11). "Hergert impeached". Lincoln Journal Star. Retrieved 2012-10-11. With the last vote and by the slimmest of margins, the Legislature did to University of Nebraska Regent David Hergert Wednesday what it hadn't done in 22 years—move to unseat an elected official.
81. "Hergert Convicted". WOWT-TV. 2006-08-08. Archived from the original on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2012-10-11. University of Nebraska Regent David Hergert was convicted Friday of manipulating campaign-finance laws during his 2004 campaign and then lying to cover it up. The state Supreme Court ruling immediately removed Hergert, 66, from office.
82. Staff reporter (2009-01-09). "Illinois House impeaches Gov. Rod Blagojevich". AP. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
83. Mckinney, Dave; Wilson, Jordan (2009-01-14). "Illinois House impeaches Gov. Rod Blagojevich". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
84. Long, Ray; Rick Pearson (2009-01-30). "Blagojevich is removed from office". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
85. Eugenio, Haidee V. (2009-01-09). "CNMI governor impeached on 13 charges". Saipan Tribune. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
86. "The Latest: All 4 West Virginia justices impeached". Herald-Dispatch. Associated Press. 2018-08-13. Retrieved 2018-08-14.
87. "WV Supreme Court Justice Robin Davis retires after her impeachment". Herald-Dispatch. Associated Press. 2018-08-14. Retrieved 2018-08-14.
88. Effort to remove convicted Justice Loughry from office continues
89. "The Latest: W.Va. lawmakers won't meet after justice resigns". Associated Press. November 11, 2018.
90. Allen Adams, Steven (November 12, 2018). "Facing Possible Impeachment, West Virginia Supreme Court Justice Resigns". Governing.
91. MetroNews, WSAZ News Staff, WV. "Senators reprimand Justice Walker, but vote to not impeach". www.wsaz.com. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
92. writer, Phil Kabler Staff. "With Workman impeachment trial blocked, Senate debates next move". Charleston Gazette-Mail. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
93. MORRIS, JEFF (2018-10-11). "West Virginia Supreme Court halts impeachment trial for Justice Workman". WCHS. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
94. O'Dell, Larry. "WALTON, JOHN CALLOWAY (1881–1949)", Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture Archived April 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (accessed July 2, 2013)
95. Watkins, Ronald J. (1990). High Crimes and Misdemeanors: The Term and Trials of Former Governor Evan Mecham. New York: William Morrow & Co. ISBN 978-0-688-09051-7.
96. Saulny, Susan (2009-01-09). "Illinois House Impeaches Governor". The New York Times. Retrieved April 21, 2009.
Copyright (c) 2019 GPH - International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research →
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Author(s) and co-author(s) jointly and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published elsewhere. Author(s) agree to the terms that the GPH Journal will have the full right to remove the published article on any misconduct found in the published article.