WOMEN'S EXPERIENCE WITH MENOPAUSE IN SAMARINDA BENANGA STATION STUDY: PHENOMENOLOGY
Menopause is not a disease even though many changes occur both physically, psychologically, and sexually. Menopause is a normal and natural process for every woman who enters old age. With increasing life expectancy, more and more women are experiencing menopause with various complaints that can interfere with their life activities. In 2025, it is estimated that there will be 60 million menopausal women in Indonesia, currently in Indonesia there are only 14 million menopausal women or 7.4 percent of the total population. This research aims to know the experience of women undergoing menopause through phenomenological studies. The research design is qualitative and a series of phenomenological studies. Determination of participants in this study as many as six participants using a purposive sampling method. The results showed that the menopause experience experienced by the participants illustrates that information is needed regarding the changes that occur during menopause specifically for premenopausal women, so that women who will enter menopause have good knowledge so they can accept and be able to cope with changes. -Physical, psychological, and sexual changes that may be experienced. It is necessary to provide information related to physical, psychological, and sexual changes during menopause that can be accessed easily by women so that women who are entering menopause with physical, psychological, and sexual changes become better prepared and remain happy in living their lives.
 Sari Komala. 2010. Health Education in PKK Women's Groups in Increasing Public Understanding for Healthy Living during Menopause. WARTA LPM. 13 (1):48-54.
 Widaryanti, M. Y., & Dewi, D. K. 2017. Husband's Social Support and Self-Acceptance with Stress Levels in Women Approaching Menopause. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Psychology. 8 (1): 61-67,
 Aprilia., &Nunik. 2007. Factors Affecting Anxiety Levels in Perimenopausal Women. Surabaya: Airlangga University Journal.
 Sawitri Indra., Fauzi., Widyani. 2009. Skin and Menopause Manifestations and Management. Department/functional medical staff of genital skin health, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University/Dr. Sutomo Surabaya. 21(1).
 Syahputra M., Suparman., Tendean M. 2016. Description of Manopausal Women's Calcium levels at the DamaiWerdha Nursing Home in Manado. Journal of e-Clinic. 4 (1):426-428.
 American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Insomnia. 2008. Available at: http://www.aasmnet.org. Accessed June 1, 2023.
 Pines A. Circadian rhythms and menopause. Climacteric 2016;19:551-2.
 Kalmbach DA, Cheng P, Arnedt JT, Anderson JR, Roth T, Fellman Couture C, et al. Treating insomnia improves depression, maladaptive thinking, and hyperarousal in postmenopausal women: Comparing cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI), sleep restriction therapy, and sleep hygiene education. Sleep Med 2019;55:124 34.
 Otte, J.L. J.S. Carpenter, L. Roberts, and G.R. Elkins. 2020. Self-Hypnosis for Sleep Disturbances in Menopausal Women. Journal Womens Health (Larchmt) 29 (3) : 461-463 doi: 10.1089/jwh.2020.8327.
 Borker SA, Venugopalan PP, Bhat SN. Study of menopausal symptoms, and perceptions about menopause among women in a rural community in Kerala. Journal of mid-life health. 2013 Jul;4(3):182
 Ogwumike OO, Adeniyi AF, Orogbemi OO. Musculoskeletal pain among postmenopausal women in Nigeria: Association with overall and central obesity. Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal. 2016 Jun 1;34:41-6. Kohlmann T. Musculoskeletal pain in the population. Schmerz 2003; 17:405 11
 Van Dijk GM, Kavousi M, Troup J, Franco OH. 2015. Health issues for menopausal women: the top 11 conditions have common solutions. Maturitas. 80(1):24-30.
 Sowers M, Crutchfield M, Bandekar R, Randolph JF, Shapiro B, Schork MA, Jannausch M. Bone mineral density and its change in pre‐ and perimenopausal white women: the Michigan bone health study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 1998 Jul; 13(7):1134-40
 Mei Yu Pan, Tsung Cheng Hsiehz., et al Factors Associated with Tooth Loss in Postmenopausal Women: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study Journal. 2019 September 19;2-8.
 Bauld, R., & Brown, R. F. (2009). Stress, psychological distress, psychosocial factors, menopause symptoms and physical health in women. Maturity, 62(2), 160-165
 Portman, D.; Gass, M. Vulvovaginal atrophy terminology consensus conference panel genitourinary syndrome of menopause: New terminology for vulvovaginal atrophy from the international society for the study of women's sexual health and the North American society menopause. Climacteric 2014, 17, 557–563. Accessed June 3,2023.
 Mernone, L.; Fiacco, S.; Ehlert, U. Psychobiological factors of sexual functioning in aging women—Findings from the women 40+ healthy aging study. Front. Psychol. 2019, 13, 546.
 Vignozzi, L.; Maseroli, E. 2019. Hormones and sex behaviour. In
Endocrinology Female Reproductive Dysfunction; Petraglia,
F., Fauser, B.C.J.M., Eds.; Springer: Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany,
 Sinha, A.; Ewies, A.A.A. Non-hormonal topical treatment of vulvovaginal atrophy: An up-to-date overview. Climacteric 2013, 16, 305–312.
Copyright (c) 2023 Yovita Erin Sastrini, Gracia Herni Pratiwi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Author(s) and co-author(s) jointly and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published elsewhere. Author(s) agree to the terms that the GPH Journal will have the full right to remove the published article on any misconduct found in the published article.