Relationship Characteristics Of Balita And Family Behavior In Balita With Pneumonia Events In Work Area Health Muara Bungo II Bungo District 2015
Pneumonia is a major killer of children under five years of age (children) in balita (below five yearold children) in the world, compared to other diseases such as diarrhea, measles, malaria and AIDS. In 2012
Indonesia was the highest order of the 6th pneumonia in developing countries with a prevalence of 6.0% .
Bungo is one of the districts with the highest prevalence of pneumonia in Jambi Province in 2014 amounted
to 10.4 %.
The objective of the research was to analyze the correlation of balita’s characteristics and family
health behavior with the incidence of pneumonia in balita. The research was observational analytic with
case control design. It was conducted in the working area of Muara Bungo II Health Centre, Bungo District
from April, 2014 until January, 2015. The population was mothers who had 0 to 5 year-old children. There
were 110 balita who were divided into two groups (55 balita in the case group and the other 55 balita in the
control group). The data were analyzed by using univatriate analysis and bivatriate analysis with chi square
test at the significance level of 95% (p < 0.05).
The result of the research showed that the variables which had the correlation with the incidence of
pneumonia were immunization status (p-value= 0.006, OR= 0.336), knowledge (p-value= 0.022, OR=
0.412), attitude (p-value= 0.000, OR= 0.147), and action (p-value= 0.001, OR= 0.250). The variables which
did not have any correlation with the incidence of pneumonia were age (p-value= 0.699, OR= 0.861) and
birth weight (p-value= 0.084, OR= 0.512).
It is recommended that the District Health office of Bungo District provide counseling through health
care providers at Muara Bungo II Health Centre and education for families, especially mothers who had
balita, to participate in posyandu activities so that they understand how to prevent from pneumonia in balita.
Besides that, healthy life behavior and clean environment should be improved so that prevention can be
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