THE IMPLEMENTATION AND ENFORCEMENT OF THE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN IN NIGERIA
Despite the fact that the convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) which came into force on the 2nd of September 1990 and which is widely recognised as human rights treaty across the world with about (193) countries have ratified it, its provisions were yet to be implemented in the majority of the developing countries. In Nigeria, about twenty-four (24) states have domesticated the Child Rights Act CRA of 2003. However some of the states that have domesticated it have not but appropriate machinery in place for its full implementation. The article/paper focuses on attempts geared towards the implementation and enforcement of the rights of a child. The article recommended adequate sensitization programmes and raising the awareness of the content of the CRA in schools and local governments across Nigeria and involving the print and social media in the laudable project.
https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/resources/handbook-for-parliamentarians-on-the-convention-on- the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities/chapter-five-national-legislation-and-the-convention.html - Accessed on 8th of January, 2018 at 10:52 a.m.
http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/CRC/Pages/CRCIntro.aspx Accessed on 19th of January 2018 at 12:50p.m
https://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/CentreforChildrensRights/filestore/Filetoupload%2C485596%2Cen.pdf Accessed on 19th of January 2018 at 1:20p.m
Emily I. Alemika, “Legal Frameworks for the Child’s Right in Nigeria”
Article 4 UNCRC Federal Government of Nigeria, Country Report on Violence against Children. 2015 p.27
Now the NHRC Act 2010 as amended
Section 1, Child Rights Act 2003
2nd Nigerian Country Periodic Report op cit. p.19
p.18 op cit.
Agaba J. A., Practical Approach to Criminal Litigation in Nigeria. (3rd Edition, Bloom Legal Temple)p.206
Section 420 Criminal Procedure Act
p.206 Ibid. Section 8(2) CYPL (Lagos)
Section 6(2) CYPL (Lagos)
Section 6(6) CYPL (Lagos)
Section 419(1) CPA
Section 419(2) CPA
Section 419(3) CPA
Hammudah Abd alAti; The Family Structure in Islam (Islamic Publications Bureau, 1982) p.184
Q.6:151; cf., 17:23ff)
The Family Structure in Islam Ibid. at p.184
Hudud means offences or punishments that are fixed under the Sharia
Qisas means punishments inflicted upon the offenders by way of retaliation for causing death of or injuries to
Taklif means the age of puberty
s. 237, Zamfara State Sharia Criminal Code Procedure Law, 2000, No. 1, Vol. 4
Federal Ministry of Women’s Affairs and Social Development, Abuja (2009-2015)
NPA Ibid. pg. 5
Integrated Maternal Newborn and Child Health (IMNCH), UNICEF Situation Analysis 2007
IMNCH, 2007 Ibid
Article 26, Universal Declaration of Human Rights; Article 13, International Covenant on Economic Social Cultural
Articles 32, 40, 24.
10 Art 28(1)
NAC pg. 20
Ibid. pg. 30
UNICEF State of the World’s Children Report, 2017
Allen F. Roberts, Female Initiation, University of California, Los Angeles
UNICEF Report on FGM/C, 2016
Section 42(1) (a), (b), (2) and (3)
A direct violation of Section 419(3) CPA
pg. 32 NPA 2009
pg. 33. Ibid.
Article 28 CRC
Article 24 CRC
Article 19 CRC
Article 6 CRC
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