http://gphjournal.org/index.php/cse/issue/feed GPH - International Journal Of Computer Science and Engineering 2021-07-10T08:22:17+00:00 Dr. EKEKE, JOHN NDUBUEZE drekekejohn@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p style="font-family: Comic Sans MS;">Subjects covered in Computer Science and Engineering include: Computer Science;→ Scientific Computing; Wireless Networking; Network Modelling; Computational Science &amp; Engineering; Theoretical Computer Science; Biosystems Engineering; Machine Learning; Systems Biology &amp; Bioinformatics; Biostatistics; Data Mining; Data Analysis; Internet Computing &amp; Web Services; Information System Engineering; Quantum Computing; Nano Computing; Soft Computing; Artificial Intelligence; Digital Signal Processing, Cloud Computing; Robotics; Computer Graphics; Information Science; Medical Image Computing; Natural language Processing; Evolutionary Computation.</p> http://gphjournal.org/index.php/cse/article/view/450 EFFECT OF PHARMING ATTACKS ONTHE FUNCTIONALITIES OF THE UNIVERSITY WEBSITES IN NORTHERN STATES OF NIGERIA 2021-07-03T17:51:11+00:00 ABUBAKAR ABDULRASHID abubakarabdulrashid@rocketmail.com MOHAMMED ZAKARI zakmoh2000@yahoo.com <p><em>This paper investigates ‘the effects of pharming attacks on the functionalities of the University websites in Northern States of Nigeria. Two research objectives were stated: to find out the types of pharming attacks University websites are exposed to; and to identify the effects of pharming attacks on functionalities of the websites of the Universities in Northern States of Nigeria. The literature was reviewed based on research questions raised. Quantitative research methodology was adopted in the study. Multistage sampling technique (i.e. purposive, stratification, cluster, proportionate and simple random sampling) was used to select 9 Universities (3 each Federal, State and Private) with 127 ICT personnel which comprised of the Directors, the staff of the Software Development Units and the staff of the Networks Infrastructure and Security Units from a population of 61 Universities with 713 ICT personnel of the Universities in Northern States of Nigeria. Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The data collected were presented and analysed using mean, standard deviation, frequencies and percentages. The study found that human factors attacks, local host and local networks attacks, domain configuration attack and domain registration attack among others were the types of pharming attacks University websites in Northern States of Nigeria are exposed to; and pharming attacks do affect the functionalities of the websites of the Universities studied by causing existing administrative settings to be incorrectly configured, poisoning an entire Domain Name System server, manipulating legitimate website’s traffic and hijacking search result. Other effects include making communication system to become vulnerable, loss of confidence by stakeholders, tarnishing institution image and tricking unsuspecting individuals into revealing sensitive data among others. The paper concludes that if security safeguards are not adequate, pharmers run little risk of getting caught. They can attack a system using techniques the designers never even considered. The study recommended that Policy statements should be enforced to reduce the effects of pharming attacks on the websites of the Universities. The authorities of the Universities should also provide insurance covers for their ICT technologies and trust worthy Internet Service Providers should be maintained.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-07-03T17:48:43+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://gphjournal.org/index.php/cse/article/view/451 Utilisation of Information Security Mechanisms for Combating Pharming on University Websites in Northern Regionsof Nigeria 2021-07-10T08:22:17+00:00 ABUBAKAR ABDULRASHID abubakarabdulrashid@rocketmail.com Mohammed Zakari zakmoh2000@yahoo.com Babangida Dangani Umar nadangani44@gmail.com <p>This paper investigates the“utilisation of information security mechanisms for combating pharming on University Websites in Northern Regions of Nigeria”. Two objectives were formulated: to identify the “type of information security mechanisms employed for combating pharming on University Websites in Northern Regions of Nigeria”; and to determine the “effectiveness of the information security mechanisms employed for combating pharming on University Websites in Northern Regions of Nigeria”. Quantitative research methodology was used for the study. 9 Universities in Northern Regions of Nigeria with 127 ICT personnel were selected. The questionnaire was used as an instrument in collecting the data. Mean and standard deviationwere used to present and analyse the data collected in the study. The research found that “detectives, preventive and mitigative mechanisms” were the types of “mechanisms employed for combating pharming on Universities studied”; it was also found that “mitigative and detective information security mechanisms employed are more effective than preventive mechanisms in combating pharming on University studied”. The paper concludes that, if security safeguards are not adequate, pharmers affect the “functionality of University websites undetected”. They can attack websites using skills the software developers never imagined. The study recommended that to guarantee information effective information security, therefore, ICT personnel need to establish strong preventive measures and quality management practices that will protect data during collection, processing, and storage from pharmers.</p> 2021-07-10T08:19:47+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##