EFFECT OF CONTAMINATED AIR ON RENAL INDICES OFNON-PREGNANT WOMEN IN BAYELSA STATE NIGERIA
This study determines some renal parameters of non-pregnant women exposed to polluted air and ascertains whether the increase in renal dysfunction is linked to the indiscriminate gas flares in Bayelsa state. A random sampling technique was used in this study. Participants within the ages of31-40 years of age had a non-significant higher uric acid concentration (4.03mg/dl) compared with age 41-50 (2.53mg/dl), age 21-30 had a significant increased urea (3.44mmol/l) compared to age 31-40 (3.41mmol/l) and 41-50 (3.06mmol/l).Creatinine concentration was significantly higher among age 31-40 (93.29µmol/l) in comparison with age 41-50 (90.33µmol/l). The prevalence of high urea, creatinine, and uric acid was (2%),(39%), and (2%) respectively. All the renal indices of non-pregnant women from the epicenter of contaminated air were all significantly higher compared to the control communities (Kolo and Otuagila) with decreased percentage difference except Immiringi having an increased percentage difference in uric acid concentration. in relation to the number of years exposed to contaminants, participants above five years of exposure were observed to have a significantly higher renal mean values concentration and a decreased percentage difference compared with less than five years of exposure. This study has confirmed that indiscriminate flaring of gases into host communities increases renal indices of non-pregnant women and could gradually result in renal dysfunction in the Bayelsa state.
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