GPH - IJAR International Journal of Agriculture and Research <p style="font-family: Helvetica;">The scope of IJAR- Internatioanl Journal of Agriculture &amp; Research not limited to the following subject areas: Agronomy, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant pathology, Plant Science, Fertilizers and pesticides, Genetic Engineering &amp; plant breeding, Animal scienceVeterinary Science, Aquaculture/Fisheries, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural machinery, Post Harvest and Quality, Agricultural development, Agricultural Economics, Rural development, Sustainable Agriculture, Organic agriculture, Soil Conservation, Soil Science, Rainwater harvesting and crop water management, Crop Genetics &amp; Breeding, Tillage &amp; Cultivation Agricultural products – Raw Materials, Foods, Fibers, Fuels, Irrigation, Soil &amp; Fertilization.</p> en-US <p>Author(s) and co-author(s)&nbsp;jointly&nbsp;and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any&nbsp;copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published&nbsp;elsewhere.&nbsp;Author(s) agree to the terms that the <strong>GPH Journal</strong> will have the full right to remove the published article on any misconduct found in the published article.</p> (Yann Emmanuel. S. MIASSI) (Dossa Kossivi Fabrice) Sun, 17 Jan 2021 16:36:14 +0000 OJS 60 THE EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF ADDITIVES ON PROXIMATE AND MINERAL CONSTITUENTS OF PIG DUNG FOR SUSTAINABLE PIG PRODUCTION <p>This study was carried out at the Teaching and Research Farm of the Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria to evaluate the effects of additives on proximate and mineral composition of pig dung. Dung were collected fresh from three different piggery farms in Imo State, homogenized at the experimental site and stored for 48 hours for bacterial activities. The treatment involved four chemicals which included borax, carbide, Dry cell battery and kerosene applied at three concentration levels of 50, 100 and 150 g respectively. The proximate and mineral analysis of the treated and untreated pig dung were assayed for the determination of the crude protein, the ether extract, ash, moisture content, crude fibre and nitrogen free extracts while the minerals evaluated are the calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus.</p> <p>&nbsp;Data were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA), at 5% probability level. The result of the study indicated that the chemical treatment of the pig dung decreased the crude protein content and hence reduced the generation and release of green house gases into the environment. Moreover, moderate correlations observed from the additives indicated that increase in the concentration of borax, carbide and kerosene will not reduce the presence of these macro and micro elements in the dung thus fertility of the soil when applied is ensured.&nbsp; It is therefore concluded that additives can be used in the swine industry to solve monumental waste challenges since after treatment, the bioavailability of nutrients notably nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus are not negatively affected.&nbsp; It was therefore recommended that additives be used to solve monumental waste challenges in the swine industry.</p> ANUKAM K.U., Dr. Geoffrey Amanze NKWOCHA, PRUDENT, O.I., Nwachukwu, M.O. ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 17 Jan 2021 16:33:36 +0000 THE POTENTIAL OF EXOPHYTIC MICROBIALS IN CONTROL OF BLACK ROT DISEASE OF MANGOES (Aspergillus niger) <p>Postharvest black rot disease of mangoes is the most important disease in Bali, especially fruit that has been used for religious ceremonies cannot last long if stored, therefore there is a desire to research efforts to prevent fruit rot with antaginist microbes. Postharvest fruit rot disease in mangoes is <em>Aspergillus niger</em>. In our study, we looked for the exophytic fungi and tested their inhibition of pathogen with exophytic microbes both <em>in vitro</em> and <em>in vivo.</em> The results showed that exophytic microbes found in healthy mangoes include: <em>Rhizopus</em> sp. the number of colonies was 24 x 10<sup>2 </sup>cfu, while <em>Nucordia</em> sp., <em>A. flavus</em>, and <em>A. niger</em> with 18 x 10<sup>2</sup>cfu colonies, and Streptomyces sp. with a colony of 12 x 10<sup>2</sup>cfu. The highest microbial inhibition test results of exophyte against <em>A. niger</em> were obtained from <em>Rhizopus </em>sp. 1 and <em>Rhizopus</em> sp. 4 at 3 and 7 after inoculation.&nbsp; The results of the in vivo antagonistic inhibition test against pathogens (<em>A. niger</em>) were the highest C treatment (<em>Rhizopus</em> sp. 2) and very significantly different from K + P treatment (control with pathogens).</p> I Made Sudarma, Ni Wayan Suniti, Ni Nengah Darmiati ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 17 Jan 2021 16:34:05 +0000