• J. I KPEREGBEYI Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Delta State University of Science and Technology, (DSUST) Ozoro
  • A. M ORHERUATA Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin City
Keywords: Frizzle feathered, crossbred, body weight, purebred, morphometrics, generations


The study was conducted at the Poultry Research Center (PRC) of the Faculty of Agriculture, DSUST, Ozoro, to evaluate body weight (BWT) and body morphometrics (BM) of Frizzle feathered (FF) chicken and Plymouth Rock (PR) breed and their F1 and F2 crossbred. One hundred and sixty-eight (165) sexually matured FF chickens were reared on deep litter system. It comprises of one 150 FF chicken and 15 PR cock and was bred (natural). The first cross was between FF and PR cock produced 50 % indigenous (I) and 50 % exotic (E) in first filial generation. The second cross was an inter se mating of the heterozygous FF from the F1 generation. The second cross produced offspring that were 25 % I and 75 % E. The pure breed was used to bred F1 and F2 generations. The BM include: body weight (BWT), comb length (CL), Beak length (BKL), Head length (HL), Neck length (NL), Wing length (WL), Keel length (KL), Breast Girth (BG), Thigh length (THL), Shank length (SL), and Toe length (TOL). The results revealed that generation had significant (P<0.05) effect on all variables. Results showed that Pure FF of F1 was higher than the parent value. It was concluded that crossbred offspring of F1 and F2 generations were observed to be superior in all the traits of BM than the purebred lines. Therefore, the mating system of crossbreeding and selection should be adopted to enhance genetic improvement strategies of the crossbred lines over many generations.


Download data is not yet available.


Adebambo, O.A, Ilceobi, C.O.N., Ozoje, M O, Adenowo, J.A, and Osinowo, O.A (1999) Colour Variation and Performance Characteristics of the Indigenous Chickens of Southwest, Nigeria .Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 26: 15 -22.
Adebambo, A.O., Ozoje, M.O., Abiola, S.S and Funmi Adebambo,(2006).Analysis of the growth curves of Indian and Nigerian chicken ecotypes in the humid tropics. Asset Series 6(1):103-110.
Adedeji, T.A., Adejoh, I.O., Ige, A.O., Ameen, S.A., Akinwumi, A.O., and Amao S.R. (2008).Genetic evaluation of growth performance of pure and crossbred chicken progenies in a derived savannah environment. In Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria, September 15-19, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State. Pp 8-12
Adeleke,M.A.,Peters,S.O.,Ozoje,M.O.,Ikeobi,C.O.N.,Bamgbose, A.M. and Olufunmilayo, A. Adebambo (2011).Genetic parameter estimates for body weight and linear body measurements in pure and crossbred progenies fo Nigerian indigenous chickens. Livestock Research for Rural Development 23(1): 1-8
Adeolu, A.I, O Okoleh, V. U and Ofurna, M.O. (2008). Estimate of Genetic Parameters for Egg Production Traits of the Local chicken in Southeastern Nigeria. Proceedings of the 11th Annual Conference of the ASAN, ABU, Zaria. Pp 9 – 12.
Akbas, Y., Altan,O and Kocok, C.(2002).Effects of hen’s age on external and internal egg quality characteristics .Turk. Journal Veterinary of Animal Science.20:455 – 465.
Alika, J.E.(2011). Statistics and Research Methods. AMBIK Press, Benin - City, Nigeria. Pp 363.
Cahaner, A., Duyan, S. and Debb, N.,(2003).Improving the broiler meat production especially in hot climates, by genes that reduce or eliminate feather coverage. British Poultry Science, 31(19):18-22.
Delta State University of Science and Technology Meteorological Station Report Zonal Office Ozoro, 2021.
Essien, A.I., and Adeyemi, J.A., (1999). Comparative Growth Characteristics of two Broiler Strains raised in the wet Humid Tropics. Tropical Journal of Animal Science 1(2):1-8
FAO (2006).High bird flu in Africa after Outbreak in Nigeria htto:// 000226; index.hteml.
Fayeye, T.R., Ayorinde, K.I., Ojo, V., and Adesina, O.M. (2006).Frequency and influence of some major genes on body weight and body size parameters of Nigerian local chickens. Livestock Research for Rural Development.18 :(3):http//www.Irrd org/Irrd18/3/faye18037.htm [Accessed 3 May, 2007.
Ige,A.O.,Salako,A.E.,Yakubu,A.Ojedapo,L.O.,Adedeji,T.A.,andAdeoti,T.M.(2012). Comparison and prediction of morphological characteristics of frizzled feather and Naked neck chicken in derived savannah zone.PAT December, 2012,8(2):68 -75.

Kabir, M., Oni, O.O., Akpa, G.N and Adeyinka, I.A.,(2006).Heritability estimates and
Inter-relationships of body weights and shank lengths in Rhode Island Red and White
chickens. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science. 9(15):2892-2896

Liu,Y.P., Wu, G.S., Yao, Y.G., Miao, Y.W., Luikart. G., Baic,M., Beja-pereira, A., Ding ,Z.I.,Palanichamy, M.G., and Zhang,Y.P. (2006). Multiple maternal origins of chickens: Out of the Asian jungles. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38: 112- 119
Malago, J.J and Baitilwake, M.A.(2009). Egg traits, fertility, hatchability and chick survivability of -Rhode Island Red, local and crossbred chickens. Tanzania Vet. Journal 26(1): 24 -36
McAinsh C.V, Kusina J, Madsen J. and Nyomi, O.(2004).Traditional chicken production in Zimbabwe. World’s poultry Science Journal 60: 233-246.
Molenaar,R.,Reijrink,I.A.M.,Meijerhof, R and Van Den Brand, H.(2008) Relationship between hatching length and weight on later productive performance in broilers. World’s Poultry Science Journal.64(4):599-603.
Momoh, O.M., and Nwosu, C.C.,(2008).Genetic evaluation of growth traits in crosses between two ecotypes of Nigerian local chicken. In: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria, September 15-19, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State. Pp 59-64.
Msoffe, P.I.M., Minga, U.M., Olsen, J.F.,Yongolo, M.G.S., Juul-Madsen, H.R., Gwakisa, P.S and Mtambo, M.M.A (2001). Phenotypes including immune competence in scravenging local chicken ecotypes in Tanzania. Tropical Animal Health Production.33:341- 354
National Research Council, (1984).Nutrient requirements of poultry, 8th revised edition, 71 pp .National Academy press, Washington, D, C.
Nwosu, C.C. and Asuquo, B.O. (1984).Heritability of body weight in local chicken. Proc. of 9th Annual Conf. on Self-sufficiency in Animal Protein Supply Under Changing Economic Fortunes. University of Nigeria, Nuskka, 41-48.
Nwosu, C.C. and Omeje, S.S.(1985).Improved annual egg production from Nigerian local chicken by Gold link cross progeny. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production. 12:161-164.
Okon, B.; Ogar, J.B. and Mgbere, O.O. (1997).Interrelationships of live body measurements of broiler chickens in a humid tropical environment. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production. 24(1):7-12.
Okpeku, M.; Orheruata, M.A. and Imumorin, I.(2003). Phenotypic and genetic variation among local chickens in Edo State of Nigeria. Proceedings of 28th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production. (NSAP), 28:119-121.
Olawuyin, O.O. (2006).Evaluation of performance and adaptability of the local Nigerian and exotic Harco cockerels in the humid tropical zone. Tropical Journal of Animal Science 9(1): 63-67.
Olomu, J M (2011). Monogasric Animal Nutrition. .Principles and Practice..2nd (ed).St. Jackson publication, Benin- City. Pp 427.
Oluyemi, S.O., Roberts, F.A. (2003) Poultry production in warm wet climates 2nd edition spectrum Books limited Ibadan, Nigeria. Pp 105-110.
Shoffner,R.N.,Otis,J.S.and Garwood, V.A.(1993).Association of dominant marker traits and metric traits in chickens .Poultry Science. 72:1405 – 1410.
Sonaiya, E.B.(2003).Producing local livestock – Improving rural livelihood. In: Taiwo, A.A.,Raji, A.M., Ogbonna, J.U. and Adebowale, E.A. (eds).Proceedings of 28th Annual Conference Nigerian. Society for Animal Production. 16-20th March, 2003.Pp. 9 - 11.
Sonaiya, E.B, Branckacrt R.D.S, and Gueye, E.F (1999). Research and Development for Family Poultry Introductory Paper to the first INFPD/FAO Electronic conference.
Sonaiya, E.B.(2002).Rural poultry science – Emerging concepts in theoretical and empirical research. In: Proceedings of the 11th European Poultry Conference. 6-10sept,2002, Bremen, Germany. Pp 18- 21
Van Marle – Koster, E.V and Casey, N H.(2001). Phenotypic characterization of native chicken lives in South Africa. AGRI 29:71-78.
How to Cite