THE CROPPING PATTERN AND CAPITAL SOURCE OF FARMING IN JEMBAYAN VILLAGE, LOA KULU DISTRICT, KUTAI KARTANEGARA REGENCY
Good farming management in regulating cropping patterns and business diversification can increase farmers' household income. JembayanDalam village is a village located near a mining company and the source of its livelihood is agriculture. The aims of this research are: (1) to identify the socio-economic characteristics of farmers; (2) to identify farming cropping patterns; and (3) analyzing the availability of capital owned by farmers. The research was carried out from April to June 2021 in JembayanDalam Village, Loa Kulusub District, KutaiKartanegara Regency. Sampling was done randomly (simple random sampling) with a number of respondents as many as 60 people. Data analysis used descriptive analysis. The results showed that the socio-economic characteristics of farmers of food crops and horticulture were having an average age of 50.42 years, formal elementary school education, the farming experience of more than 10 years, and self-owned land with an average area of 0.94 hectares. Farming cropping patterns are monoculture systems for food crops (rice-rice), monocultures for horticultural crops, and polyculture systems for food crops-horticultural crops. The availability of capital owned by food crop farmers, especially rice plants, is 37.46% of the total production cost requirement per hectare ofRp11.646.540,68.
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