• Nwaiwu J.C Department of Agricultural Economics Extension and Rural Development, Imo State University, Owerri
  • Esiobu, Nnaemeka Success Department of Agricultural Economics Extension and Rural Development, Imo State University, Owerri
  • Onyeike Godfrey Chijioke E Department of Student Affarirs, AlvanIkoku College of Education, Owerri, Imo State
  • Ndinechi P. C Institute of Erosion Studies, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State
Keywords: Vegetable production, Rural women, Farmers


Globally, vegetable forms a most valuable part of every household's diet and are used to increase the quality of the soup. It has also become the most important crop grown by farmers in recent times. However, vegetable farming is not without production challenges. Regrettably, there is an acute shortage of empirical studies to substantiate this claim. It was against this backdrop that the study on analysis of vegetable production among rural women farmers in Imo State, Nigeria was undertaken. Specifically, the study was guided by the following objectives; describing the socio-economic characteristic of women in the study area; identifying the types of vegetables produced by women; identifying women's intent/reason for all-round vegetable farming. A multistage random sampling method was used in the selection of respondents. The sample size comprised one-hundred and thirty-five (135) vegetable women farmers. Well, a structured questionnaire was the main tool for data collection. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools, likert –scale rating, and multiple regression analysis.  Results show that the mean age was 44.00 years.  The majority (71.11%) were married with an average household size of 6 persons.  Average educational level, farming experience, farm size, and monthly farm income were 12 years (equivalent to secondary school education), 21.00years, 1.20ha, and N101,200 respectively. About 82.96% and 71.85% of the women farmers were visited once per month by extension agents and were members of cooperatives respectively. As types of vegetable crops produced by the women Approximately, 98.52%, 96.30% 91.85%, 89.63%, and 68.15% were also involved in Fluted pumpkin (Telfairiaoccidentalis), pepper (Capsicum annuum), Scent leaf (Ocimumgratissimum), Waterleaf (Talinumfruticosum) and Okra (Abelmoschusesculentus) respectively amongst others. The result shows that about 99.26%, 96.30%, and 95.56% identified personal intentions, wanting autonomy, and unstable income respectively as intent/reasons for all-round vegetable farming. Radio and farmers’ cooperative societies were identified by approximately 98.52% and 95.56% as sources of information on all-around vegetable farming among other sources. The study concludes that most of the women are involved in the cultivation of almost all the vegetables and therefore recommends that the extension agents should increase their visits/training to the rural vegetable farmers as results show low extension visits which affected them in the choice of vegetable planted as recent technologies has made it possible for farmers in the southeast to plant most of the vegetables formerly believed to survive only in the northern area of the country.


Download data is not yet available.


Adamides, G., and Stylianou, A. (2013). ICT and mobile phone use for agricultural knowledge sharing by Cypriot farmers. AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, 5(2), 3–10.
Agbugba, I.K., Nweze, N.J., Achike, A.I. and Obi A. (2013).Market Structure, Conduct, Channel & Margin of Dry Season Okra Vegetable in South-Eastern Nigeria; Presented in Melaka,Malaysia and Published in the Proceedings, IPCBEE Vol 55 pp 73-78. IACSIT Press, Singapore. Available online DOI:10.7763/IPCBEE.2013.v55.14.
Ajayi, A. R. and Nwalieji, A.H. (2010). Impact of the Anambra State Fadama Project Phase-1 on the Socio-Economic life of the rural farmers, Journal of Human Ecology, 29 (2): 129-139.
Aju, P.C. and Popoola, L. (2010). The dietary role of traditional vegetables in the rural communities of imo state Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa. Volume 12, No 7, 104-113.
Anoma, C and Thamilini J.K (2016). "Roots and Tuber Crops as Functional Foods: A Review on Phytochemical Constituents and Their Potential Health Benefits", International Journal of Food Science, vol. 2016, Article ID 3631647, 15 pages, 2016.
Badmus, M.A and Yekini, O.T (2011). “Economic Analysis of Exotic Vegetable Production among Urban Fadama Women Farmers in Akinyele Local Government Area Oyo State, Nigeria”. International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development. Vol. 4(1).
De la Rosa, L.A., Alvarez-Parrilla, E. and Gonzalez-Aguilar, G.A. (2010). Fruits and Vegetable Phytochemical Chemistry, Nutritional Value and Stability, Wiley-Blackwell, A John Wiley andsons Inc., USA.
Kughur, P., Gyanden, O, Omaku, S and Isa M (2018). Assessment of Input Needs of Women Vegetable Farmers in Gwer-East Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria; Volume 2, 2018 DOI: 10.31058/
Nakwe, S., Mahmood, H.U , Ndaghu, Bashir, M.B and Kyaru, M.T (2018). Assessment of Women Participation in Vegetable Production Activities in ADP, Zone III, Taraba State, Nigeria ; Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology 27(2): 1-16, 2018; Article no.AJAEES.44126
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) (2017). National Bureau of Statistics Official Gazette (FGP 71/52007/2,500(OL24): Legal Notice on Publication of the Details of the Breakdown of the National and State Provisional Totals, 2006 (accessed 28 February, 2020)
Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMET) (2016). “Drought and Flood Monitoring in South-East Bulletin”. Retrived from www 25 October, 2016
Omowumi A. O and Olatomide W. O (2015). Gender Issues of Labour Participation In Vegetable Production In Ikorodu Local Government Area Of Lagos State;Current Research in Agricultural Sciences; Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 114-122
United State Agency for International Development (USAID) (2019). The Role of Women in the fruit and vegetable supply chain in Maharas intra and Tamil Nadu, India. The new and Expanded Social and Economic Opportunities for vulnerable Groups task order under the Women in Development 1QC Contract No GEW-1-00-02-00016- 00800; 2019.
How to Cite
J.C, N., Nnaemeka Success, E., Chijioke E, O. G., & P. C, N. (2022). ANALYSIS OF VEGETABLE PRODUCTION AMONG RURAL WOMEN FARMERS IN IMO STATE NIGERIA. GPH-International Journal of Agriculture and Research, 5(05), 01-09.