EFFECT OF PRE-GERMINATION SEEDLING DEPTH ON GROWTH RATES OF RICE

  • Mohammad Zuhairi Ali Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Agriculture, Putrajaya
  • Rezki Afrina Muhammad Nasir Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Agriculture, Putrajaya
  • Mohd Fakaruddin Mohamed Noh Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Agriculture, Putrajaya
  • Hakim Mohd Zin Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Agriculture, Putrajaya
  • Steven Lun Langidai Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Agriculture, Sarawak
  • Steven Lun Langidai Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Agriculture, Sarawak
  • Mohammad Hairun NasMaznan Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Farmers’ Organisation Authority
  • Elisa Azura Azman Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: seedling depth, seed germination, seedling growth, food security, rice cultivation

Abstract

The current practice of farmers is using seed blower to broadcast the rice seeds on the rice field and the depth of planting pre-germination seedling has a meaningful effect on the growth of rice seed. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of pre-germination seedling depth on the growth rate. The study was conducted in Ladang 10, Universiti Putra Malaysia. The rice variety used was MARDI Siraj 297. The rice seeds were exposed to 5 treatments of depth in the soil; T1: 0 cm, T2: 1 cm, T3: 2 cm, T4: 3 cm, T5: 4 cm with five replication arranged in Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The data of growth rate was recorded 14 days after planting. The study showed that the rice seeds exposed at 0 cm treatment were significantly different in the percentage of growth of 95.6% compared to other treatments. The seed germination was reduced as the planting depth increased and it is represented in the equation percentage of Growth = -15.36 planting depth + 91.92 (R2 = 0.9681). Therefore, seed broadcasting using a seed blower to the soil in saturated conditions can result in the pre-germination seeds sinking and dying. Eventually, planting pre-germinated rice seeds at a depth of one (1) cm or more will reduce the number of plants per m2 and affect grain yield.

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Published
2021-11-01
How to Cite
Zuhairi Ali, M., Muhammad Nasir, R. A., Mohamed Noh, M. F., Mohd Zin, H., Lun Langidai, S., Lun Langidai, S., Hairun NasMaznan, M., & Azura Azman, E. (2021). EFFECT OF PRE-GERMINATION SEEDLING DEPTH ON GROWTH RATES OF RICE. GPH-International Journal of Agriculture and Research E-ISSN 2805-4362 P-ISSN 2805-4340, 4(10), 12-16. Retrieved from http://gphjournal.org/index.php/ar/article/view/504