Wilt and/or root rot disease incidence on growth & yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) affected by residues of some plants
Field experiments were conducted during winter seasons of 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 at Agricultural Research Farm, Secondary School for girls, Marawi, Northern State, Sudan, to evaluate the efficacy of five organic amendments viz., Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves, Argel (Solanostemma argel) shoot, Lemongrass(cymbopogon citratus) upper parts of the plant, Spearmint(Mentha spicata) shoots, and Basil (Ocimum gratissimum) shoots and Benomyl (BioneelR) fungicide for the control of wilt and /or root rot disease of chickpea crop caused by Fusarium. oxysporum f. sp.. ciceris, and Fusarium solani f. sp. ciceris. Data on the disease incidence, number of affected plants and yield components were collected and analyzed statistically according to Duncan´s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) for interpretation of the results. The results revealed thatArgel, Neem and Spearmint were found to be effective on both cases of two varieties (Shendi and Burgeig) of chickpea crops tested in the field as compared to check (Control).
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